The Modoc Nation Domicile is proud to announce their continued growth in the reinsurance and domestic domicile marketplace. As a sovereign nation and federally recognized Tribe, the Modoc Nation has created an innovative and alternative answer to the traditional offshore captive domiciles. Through the utilization of technology and direct access to regulators and providers, the Modoc Nation is building an efficient, highly successful risk-based regulatory environment to meet the needs of its clients while providing ease conducting business.
The U.S. Constitution gives authority in Indian affairs to the federal government, not to the state governments. Just as the United States deals with states as governments, it also deals with Indian tribes as governments. Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution states that “Congress shall have the power to regulate Commerce with foreign nations and among the several states, and with the Indian tribes“, determining that Indian tribes were separate from the federal government, the states, and foreign nations.
Three historic court cases are often cited with respect to tribal sovereignty:
In Johnson v. McIntosh (1823) — Concerned the legality of a tribal land grant made to private individuals and provided that tribes’ rights to sovereignty were impaired by colonization but not disregarded, and that only the federal government has the right to negotiate for American Indian land.
In Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) — The Cherokee Nation filed a lawsuit against the state of Georgia which requested relief from state jurisdiction on their land. The decision described Indian tribes as “domestic dependent nations” and maintained that the federal-tribal relationship “resembles that of a ward to his guardian.”
In Worcester v. Georgia (1832) — Concerned the application of Georgia state law within the Cherokee Nation. The decision was made that tribes do not lose their sovereign powers by becoming subject to the power of the United States and also maintained that only Congress has overriding power over Indian affairs and that state laws do not apply in Indian Country.